Contractor Orientation Course 2012
This course can be duplicated for student handouts.
Worker Protection/On-Track Safety
The FRA Roadway Worker Protection Standards became effective for Class I
railroads and their contractors on March 15, 1997.
BNSF published corresponding on-track safety requirements that became
effective at BNSF -including BNSF Engineering contractor operations - on
August 1, 1996.
To be pro-active, BNSF elected to implement an on-track safety program in
advance of the final publication of the FRA Roadway Worker Protection
1.The terms On-Track Safety and Roadway Worker Protection are used
2. The FRA Roadway Worker Protection Standards were developed to
prevent accidents and injuries as a result of personnel being struck by
trains and other on-track equipment.
the purpose of these requirements, all Engineering contractors working
within the 25 foot from track centerline, are being considered
as Roadway Workers. This is a conservative approach.
contractors working within 25’ of track centerline will have their on-track
safety strategy determined by the BNSF project representative, but may offer
input. When a contractor is working with a BNSF Maintenance of Way Rules (MWOR)
qualified BNSF employee serving as a flagger or lookout the BNSF flagger or
lookout will have readily available all applicable rules, timetables and
other required documents.
5. Some contractors may
have their own FRA approved Roadway Worker Protection program. In such cases
the contractor needs to verify if with the BNSF project
representative that their program requirements do not conflict with BNSF
requirements. A copy of this approved program would need to be readily
available to contractor work groups.
responsible BNSF project representative may set supplemental requirements.
7. Unless specified otherwise in contract language, affected
contractors working at BNSF are responsible for providing on-track
safety training for their affected employees on an annual basis. This
training is provided by or through the contractor.
The FRA Roadway
Worker Protection Standards were developed to prevent accidents and injuries as
a result of personnel being struck by trains and other on-track equipment.
Unless specified otherwise in contract language, affected
contractors working at BNSF are responsible for developing and implementing an
on-track safety program. Implementation would include providing on-track safety
training for their affected employees on an annual basis.
The safety action plan of affected contractors needs to document
that they have an FRA approved roadway worker protection program or have elected to adopt the BNSF program. The safety
action plan of affected contractors also needs to indicate that affected
employees have received on-track safety training.
or equipment are foul of the track when closer then 4 feet to
the nearest rail of a main track/controlled siding/other track.
Contractors need specific authorization from their BNSF project
representative to work within 25 feet of track centerline.
Contractors working within 25 feet of track centerline:
have specific authorization from the BNSF project representative to be in
this work zone;
wear ANSI Level II or III orange, retro-reflective workwear (see
Section 1); and,
work with the responsible BNSF project representative to
develop a project specific strategy for addressing on-track safety (examples
of options upcoming).
The use of hardhats, armbands,
belts, or gloves with orange backing alone to meet the high visibility
retro-reflective requirements is not acceptable.
Trains and engines
are required to sound the whistle and ring the bell when approaching roadway
workers - as identified by orange, retro-reflective workwear - who are on or
near the track.
On-Track Safety Strategy Options
Working Under Authority
Where contractor personnel or
equipment may foul the track, and individual train detection is not appropriate
a BNSF flagger will be present. Track authority will be obtained through the
other contractor operations that will require authority and a flagger:
boring below the track structure, as an operation failure could result in
of cranes where boom swing or tipping of equipment would result in
fouling the track;
operations such as some pole line removal operations, where
material could fall and foul track
a work group has a form of authority in place, train crews are aware of the work
group's presence and location. The train crew needs to contact the BNSF
employee-in-charge and receive permission to pass through the section of track
covered by the authority.
There may be other situations where a BNSF project representative b>
may require a BNSF flagger include:
large numbers of
contractor personnel working within the 25 foot from track centerline zone,
though not required to work foul of track
a large concentration of
contractor rubber-tired equipment working within the 25 foot from track
centerline zone, though not required to work foul of track;
responsible BNSF project representative has minimal or
no previous work experience with the contractor working within the 25
foot from track centerline zone;
concerns with high track speeds and/or limited sight distance;.
contractors through written agreement, and after having successfully
Maintenance of Way Rules training, have the ability to serve in BNSF MWOR
In some cases a flagger may be required or otherwise used for a portion of a
project with other options for on-track safety selected for the balance
of a project.
BNSF flaggers are responsible
for the on-track safety aspects of the work, as opposed to the overall
·obtains track authority* or
·establishes the warning method
to notify personnel of the need to clear for
·notifies personnel when to
occupy, clear and re-occupy the track and adjacent
·identifies the place(s) of
safety where personnel are to go to when clearing the
track for traffic; and,
·conducts job safety briefings
to cover the aforementioned information.
Types of Authority
forms of authority are more commonly used than others, some are rarely used.
Track Bulletin Form B is the form of authority most commonly used in conjunction
with projects involving contractors.
·Block Register Territory
·Track and Time
·Train Location Lineup
·Track-Car Operator Lineup
·Track Bulletin Form B
·Occupancy Control System
To be discussed in the job safety briefing conducted by the
flagger, as applicable:
·method of on-track safety*
·limits of authority (time
duration, milepost-milepost) *
·tracks that may be fouled
·control of movements on
·procedure for on-track safety
on adjacent tracks
·means of providing a warning to
clear the track and adjacent work area
·identification of the
place(s) of safety
·designated work zones around
·distances to be maintained
between machines when working and traveling
* Record this
information and carry on-person. Be able to identify the employee-in-charge
300 feet when traveling
50 feet when working *
50 feet when bunched at
* This distance may be reduced
when having a good reason, and as covered in your job safety briefing. This
exemption is not to be used on a routine basis.
The work zone extends
15 feet longitudinally to the front and rear of on-track work equipment. The
safe working zone to the sides of on-track work equipment varies based on
movements of machine parts. A job safety briefing needs to be conducted with the
machine operator prior to entering this work zone.
Remember, that in
addition to on-track safety issues, job safety briefings need to cover other
aspects of the work being performed and emergency preparedness issues.
Follow-up job safety briefings
need to be
conducted when conditions or procedures change, or the method of on-track safety
is changed, extended, or to be released.
train detection may be used when:
inspections or minor work when: the work does not affect the movement of trains
- create the potential for derail; and
be visually detected moving at maximum timetable speed;
to see is not impaired; and
to hear is not impaired *
* When using individual train detection, power
tools may be used on other than main track.
Train crews are not aware of work group locations when individual train detection
During the job safety briefing
the BNSF Maintenance of Way Rules - Qualified lookout, who is qualified
in judging distances and has current status in on-track safety training and is
equipped with a radio:
Identifies the place of safety
communicates to workers the
method of warning
devotes full attention to the
detection of trains; and,
completes the Statement of
On-Track Safety, which is maintained by the lookout on-person.
The warning method used by a lookout needs to be:
light or flag that is being waved; for example, would not be seen by
personnel who may be
and working or walking in the opposite direction.);
distinguishable above background noise; and,
identified in the job safety briefing
Unless specified in contract
language, contractor employees will not
serve as lookouts.
B. Lone Worker
BNSF Maintenance of Way Rules - Qualified
who is qualified in judging distances and has current status in on-track
safety training and equipped with a radio:
Identifies the place of safety
completes the Statement of On-Track Safety, which is maintained by the
Unless specified in contract language,
contractor employees will not serve as lone workers.
of On-Track Safety:
by the lookout
prior to the work group fouling the track;
lookout or lone worker obtains the appropriate timetable and General Order
complete the Statement of On-Track Safety;
of the completed Statement of On-Track Safety is maintained with the
lookout or lone
to be in their place of safety prior to a train reaching the
lined against movement, properly tagged, spiked, clamped, or locked;
have a red flag/ light with a derail in place.
This is performed by a BNSF Maintenance of Way
Rules - Qualified employee, unless specified otherwise in contract language.
Options When Not
Working Foul of Track/span>
contractor employees are working in the 25 foot from centerline zone, yet will
not be fouling the track, BNSF project representatives have some additional
Install a construction fence,
or the equivalent, to serve as a reminder to contractor personnel not to foul
the track. The fence needs to be installed far enough from track that is will
not be struck by trains or on-track equipment.
·Designate a contractor employee
to serve as a lookout to keep his co-workers in the immediate work area and
not allow them to approach foul of track. This is not a lookout as defined
in the FRA Roadway Worker Protection Standards.
·Obtain a commitment from the
contractor that the work group will specify in their job safety briefing the
need to stay in the immediate work area and not approach foul of track.
The FRA's "foul of track" zone
has no vertical limit. When involved in the construction of an overpass, for
example, and when working above the immediate track area, the same requirements
apply as if working "foul of track" at ground/track level. Common sense
dictates, however, that when an overpass is complete except for minor tasks, and
there is no potential for material, equipment or personnel fouling the track, it
is not necessary for workers, upon notification of the approach of a train, to
leave the overpass area above the "foul of track" zone and move to a place of
safety. The BNSF Project Representative or flagger needs to concur with such a
plan, and expectations need to be clearly communicated during the job safety
contractors may offer suggestions regarding on-track safety strategies, the
has the absolute final decision. Different BNSF
will not necessarily select the same on-track safety strategy option in like
project representative is to coordinate with the management of Intermodal,
Hub Center and Mechanical personnel, and contractor representatives to
verify that all are aware and in agreement with the on-track safety strategy
when Engineering contractors are performing work at these facilities. The
BNSF project representative is to advise Intermodal, Hub Center and
Mechanical management to communicate this information to affected personnel.
As information, when workers are crossing the track
to go from a job-site to a BNSF building or to their vehicle, the FRA
Roadway Worker Protection Standards do not apply. It is critical, however,
that workers look both ways and
verify that the track is clear in both directions. Expect movement on any
track, at any time, and in either direction!
Workers crossing the track are not to be carrying heavy and/or awkwardly
shaped work materials, equipment, or objects which, hinder their smooth
movement across the track, or where - should they drop the item,
- it would foul the track and create a hazard for trains and on-track
The FRA Roadway Worker Protection Standards require that operators of
on-track equipment be:
Trained and certified as competent to operate on-track equipment.
Operators are to be familiar with the information in a machine's operating
manual; manuals are carried on items of work equipment.
include crane load charts.
Contractors need to have a program in-place to establish competency in work
This training, as applicable is listed in a contractor's safety action
These same requirements need to be applied to rubber-tired work equipment.
BNSF Course One
BNSF Course Section Two
BNSF Course Section Three
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Revised: February 12, 2012